Petroleum Production Engineering A Computer-Assisted Approach by Boyun Guo, William C. Lyons and

Book FormatPDF
Language English
Pages 309
Views 1,272
Size 5.7 MiB
Downloads 526
Petroleum Production Engineering A Computer-Assisted Approach by Boyun Guo, William C. Lyons and


Petroleum Production Engineering A Computer-Assisted Approach by Boyun Guo, William C. Lyons and is available for free download in PDF format

Content

Preface ix

List of Symbols xi

List of Tables xv

List of Figures xvii

PART I PETROLEUM PRODUCTION

ENGINEERING FUNDAMENTALS

1 Petroleum Production System 1/3

1.1 Introduction 1/4

1.2 Reservoir 1/4

1.3 Well 1/5

1.4 Separator 1/8

1.5 Pump 1/9

1.6 Gas Compressor 1/10

1.7 Pipelines 1/11

1.8 Safety Control System 1/11

1.9 Unit Systems 1/17

Summary 1/17

References 1/17

Problems 1/17

2 Properties of Oil and Natural Gas 2/19

2.1 Introduction 2/20

2.2 Properties of Oil 2/20

2.3 Properties of Natural Gas 2/21

Summary 2/26

References 2/26

Problems 2/26

3 Reservoir Deliverability 3/29

3.1 Introduction 3/30

3.2 Flow Regimes 3/30

3.3 Inflow Performance Relationship 3/32

3.4 Construction of IPR Curves Using

Test Points 3/35

3.5 Composite IPR of Stratified Reservoirs 3/37

3.6 Future IPR 3/39

Summary 3/42

References 3/42

Problems 3/43

4 Wellbore Performance 4/45

4.1 Introduction 4/46

4.2 Single-Phase Liquid Flow 4/46

4.3 Multiphase Flow in Oil Wells 4/48

4.4 Single-Phase Gas Flow 4/53

4.5 Mist Flow in Gas Wells 4/56

Summary 4/56

References 4/57

Problems 4/57

5 Choke Performance 5/59

5.1 Introduction 5/60

5.2 Sonic and Subsonic Flow 5/60

5.3 Single-Phase Liquid Flow 5/60

5.4 Single-Phase Gas Flow 5/60

5.5 Multiphase Flow 5/63

Summary 5/66

References 5/66

Problems 5/66

6 Well Deliverability 6/69

6.1 Introduction 6/70

6.2 Nodal Analysis 6/70

6.3 Deliverability of Multilateral Well 6/79

Summary 6/84

References 6/85

Problems 6/85

7 Forecast of Well Production 7/87

7.1 Introduction 7/88

7.2 Oil Production during Transient

Flow Period 7/88

7.3 Oil Production during Pseudo-Steady

Flow Period 7/88

7.4 Gas Production during Transient Flow Period 7/92

7.5 Gas Production during Pseudo-Steady

Flow Period 7/92

Summary 7/94

References 7/94

Problems 7/95

8 Production Decline Analysis 8/97

8.1 Introduction 8/98

8.2 Exponential Decline 8/98

8.3 Harmonic Decline 8/100

8.4 Hyperbolic Decline 8/100

8.5 Model Identification 8/100

8.6 Determination of Model Parameters 8/101

8.7 Illustrative Examples 8/101

Summary 8/104

References 8/104

Problems 8/104

PART II EQUIPMENT DESIGN AND SELECTION

9 Well Tubing 9/109

9.1 Introduction 9/110

9.2 Strength of Tubing 9/110

9.3 Tubing Design 9/111

Summary 9/114

References 9/114

Problems 9/114

10 Separation Systems 10/117

10.1 Introduction 10/118

10.2 Separation System 10/118

10.3 Dehydration System 10/125

Summary 10/132

References 10/132

Problems 10/132

11 Transportation Systems 11/133

11.1 Introduction 11/134

11.2 Pumps 11/134

11.3 Compressors 11/136

11.4 Pipelines 11/143

Summary 11/156

References 11/157

Problems 11/157

PART III ARTIFICIAL LIFT METHODS

12 Sucker Rod Pumping 12/161

12.1 Introduction 12/162

12.2 Pumping System 12/162

12.3 Polished Rod Motion 12/165

12.4 Load to the Pumping Unit 12/168

12.5 Pump Deliverability and Power

Requirements 12/170

12.6 Procedure for Pumping Unit Selection 12/172

12.7 Principles of Pump Performance Analysis 12/174

Summary 12/179

References 12/179

Problems 12/179

13 Gas Lift 13/181

13.1 Introduction 13/182

13.2 Gas Lift System 13/182

13.3 Evaluation of Gas Lift Potential 13/183

13.4 Gas Lift Gas Compression Requirements 13/185

13.5 Selection of Gas Lift Valves 13/192

13.6 Special Issues in Intermittent-Flow

Gas Lift 13/201

13.7 Design of Gas Lift Installations 13/203

Summary 13/205

References 13/205

Problems 13/205

14 Other Artificial Lift Methods 14/207

14.1 Introduction 14/208

14.2 Electrical Submersible Pump 14/208

14.3 Hydraulic Piston Pumping 14/211

14.4 Progressive Cavity Pumping 14/213

14.5 Plunger Lift 14/215

14.6 Hydraulic Jet Pumping 14/220

Summary 14/222

References 14/222

Problems 14/223

PART IV PRODUCTION ENHANCEMENT

15 Well Problem Identification 15/227

15.1 Introduction 15/228

15.2 Low Productivity 15/228

15.3 Excessive Gas Production 15/231

15.4 Excessive Water Production 15/231

15.5 Liquid Loading of Gas Wells 15/231

Summary 15/241

References 15/241

Problems 15/242

16 Matrix Acidizing 16/243

16.1 Introduction 16/244

16.2 Acid–Rock Interaction 16/244

16.3 Sandstone Acidizing Design 16/244

16.4 Carbonate Acidizing Design 16/247

Summary 16/248

References 16/248

Problems 16/249

17 Hydraulic Fracturing 17/251

17.1 Introduction 17/252

17.2 Formation Fracturing Pressure 17/252

17.3 Fracture Geometry 17/254

17.4 Productivity of Fractured Wells 17/256

17.5 Hydraulic Fracturing Design 17/258

17.6 Post-Frac Evaluation 17/262

Summary 17/264

References 17/264

Problems 17/265

18 Production Optimization 18/267

18.1 Introduction 18/268

18.2 Naturally Flowing Well 18/268

18.3 Gas-Lifted Well 18/268

18.4 Sucker Rod–Pumped Well 18/269

18.5 Separator 18/270

18.6 Pipeline Network 18/272

18.7 Gas-Lift Facility 18/275

18.8 Oil and Gas Production Fields 18/276

18.9 Discounted Revenue 18/279

Summary 18/279

References 18/279

Problems 18/280

Appendix A Unit Conversion Factors 282

Appendix B The Minimum Performance

Properties of API Tubing 283

Index 285

Related PDF Books