# What is Electricity.?

Understanding Electricity

Any appliances that we use in our daily lives such as household appliances, office equipment’s and industrial equipment’s, almost all of those things take electricity. Therefore, we should understand electricity.

The first question that we will find out the answer is “where does electricity come from?”

Understanding Electricity – What is electricity? Current, Voltage and Resistance, How to measure current, voltage and resistance, How electricity works

All matters are made up of atoms. Then ask the next question, “What are atoms?”

Atoms are the smallest part of an element. They are composed of nucleus and electrons, electrons surround the nucleus. Elements are identified by the number of electrons in orbit around the nucleus of atoms and by the number of protons in the nucleus.

The nucleus is made up of protons and neutrons, and the number of protons and neutrons are balanced. Neutrons have no electric charge, protons have positive charges (+) and electrons have negative charges (-). A positive charge of proton equals a negative charge of the electron.

Electrons are bound in their orbit by the attraction of protons, but electrons in the outer band can become free of their orbit by some external forces. These are referred to as free electrons, which move from one atom to the next, electron flows are produced. These are the basis of electricity. Materials that allow many electrons to move freely are called conductors and materials that allow few free electrons to move are called insulators.

All matters are made up of atoms that have electric charges. Therefore, they have electric charges. For the matter that has a balanced the number of protons and electrons, positive charge force and negative charge force are balanced. It is called the neutral state of an atom. (The number of protons and electrons remains equal.)

“Static electricity” represents a situation that all things are made up of electric charges. For example, the rubbing of material against another can cause the static electricity. Free electrons of one material move forcefully till they are freed of their orbits around the nucleus and move to another. Electrons of one material decrease, it presents positive charges. At the same time, electrons of another increase, it has negative charges.

Understanding Electricity – What is electricity? Current, Voltage and Resistance, How to measure current, voltage and resistance, How electricity works

In general, charge producing of the matter means the matter has electric charges. It has positive and negative charges, which is expressed in coulomb.